Permanent Exhibition. Room 2
The journey to the Beyond. Punic Funerary Rituals (525-25 BC).
In North Africa, Punic people developed different funerary traditions, both from the eastern and the western Phoenician ones, with some influence from Egyptian and other African cultures. In Punic ideology, taking care of the body and of the burial has a great relevance, which links to their sense of belonging in the community. Punic people arriving to Ibiza brings the introduction and later generalization of inhumations, though cremation continues in minority. With the passage of time, this complex funerary ritual will simplify, with the presence of fewer grave goods in the tombs.
Pieces in Room 2
Engraved tombstone MAEF 4967
Engraved tombstone (100-50 BC). Tombstone of a Celtiberian which says: “Tírtanos, from the people of Abulos, son of Letondo and from the city of Belikio”.
Sandstone krater which was part of a funerary monument (250-100 BC).
Fragment of ostrich egg shell
Fragment of ostrich egg shell (525-475 BC). It is decorated by a gorgon and sphynx in relief, obtained by applying some type of acid which
Punic- Ebusitan bowl
Punic- Ebusitan bowl with ochre remains (425-375 BC). It is one of the few known examples where a ceramic vessel has also been used as
God Bes moulds
God Bes moulds (300-200 BC). It was probably this god who gave Ibiza its name (’Ybshm = islands of god Bes), including Formentera in this
Jug. Local production inspired in late Hellenistic pottery from the south of Italy. It has an engraved inscription that translates as “(I) was made by
Female head (400-300 BC). Though its face has classic features, it is profusely adorned, which is a typical Ebusitan plastic characteristic.
Funerary mask (400-300 BC). Genuine Punic piece that represents a male bald head with an expressive face.
Enthroned deity Baal-Hammón
Enthroned deity (400-300 BC). Carefully elaborated piece, representing a beardless Baal Hammon, with the fenestrated ax as a symbol of the divinity.
Dea Nutrix. (400-300 BC). Representation of the Mother Goddess. Related to an agrarian worship, incarnated by Astarte and Tanit in the Punic world.
Pendant with an astral symbol
Pendant (150-75 BC). It represents an astral symbol, similar to the Vergina Sun, emblem of the Macedonian dynasty. After the death of Alexander the Great,
Amulet in the shape of god Melqart’s head
Amulet in the shape of god Melqart’s head, represented as Heracles (325-200 BC). The red paint is related to the funerary ritual of closing the
Pendant associated to Astarte or Tanit
Pendant (400-300 BC). It doesn’t present the hanging ring. It represents a double female head with an Egyptian headdress. It is associated to Astarte or,
Gold pendant (550-450 BC) in the shape of a pea pod or chrysalis. In North Africa it is still used as a fertility amulet.
Black varnish Lekythos
Black varnish Lekythos decorated with a red-figure female head (400-350 BC).